Oslo Heart Center
Oslo Heart Center (OHC) is a cardiac surgical clinic established in 1989 by the Norwegian Government. The institution was
initiated to increase the domestic capacity for coronary artery bypass surgery. During the late 1970's and 1980's, many patients
from our country were referred to clinics abroad, most often to the United Kingdom. In November, 2000, a Section for Cardiology, including
Coronary Angiography and PCI was started.
Oslo Heart Center was established as a public foundation and the clinic is run on a non-profit basis. Since January 1, 2003,
Oslo Heart Center became a part of the National University Hospital (Rikshospitalet). The hospital costs for each patient
is covered by the Social Security.
Chief Surgeon: Eivind Øvrum, MD, PhD,
Consultant cardiac surgeon:Geir Tangen, MD,
Consultant anesthesists: Stein Tølløfsrud, MD, PhD, Bjørn Skeie, MD, PhD.
Consultant cardiologist: Jon Offstad, MD, PhD
In addition, visiting doctors and consultants are working on weekly basis.
Oslo Heart Center has 40 beds; 7 beds in the ICU and 33 beds in the Ward, including 4 beds fully equipped for complete monitoring
Surgery: On yearly basis, about 700 heart operations are performed, mostly coronary artery bypass grafting and aortic valve replacements.
Angiography: About 1500 angiographies and 5-600 PCI are performed per years.
The nursing is based on one primary certified nurse, which is the main contact person during the entire hospital stay. Preoperative
informations are given by the nurses, the surgeon, the anesthesist, the physiotherapist, and by brochures and video. The institution
has no postgraduate educational programs for nurses or physicians. Therefore, all patients are treated by fully certified
Medical strategies and results
Since the establishment i 1989, the medical strategies have aimed at simplifying of all routines during and after cardiac
surgery. The operation and anesthesia protocols are designed to permit early extubation. The experience with more than 9000
coronary artery bypass operations (by 2003) have shown a median extubation time of 1,5 hours after the operation. Autotransfusion
techniques have enabled a very low bank blood transfusion rate. About 95 % the coronary patients do not receive any blood
products during hospital stay.
Most attention is paid to early physical rehabilitation, lead by the physiotherapists and the nurses. 99 % of the patients
are able to get out of bed the day after the operation. About 80 % of the patients are walking stairs or outside the hospital
area within 4 days after surgery.
The patients are discharged for home or ambulatory follow-up at their local hospital 6-7 days after the operation.
Hospital mortality during the past 10 years is 0.41%.
Scientific programs ( Publication list )
Oslo Heart Center has focused particularly on clinical projects, mostly on blood conservation and simplified perioperative
procedures. Several clinical and laboratory studies on heparin-coated equipment for extracorporeal circulation have been undertaken.
One doctoral thesis has so far been defended, and the studies are continued in close collaboration with other departments
at the National Hospital.
The Ward nurses have undertaken follow-up studies, as well as local prosject on analgetic regimens, including potential effects